How to Lock Cells in Google Sheets

Occasionally when you have a cell or range of cells in a spreadsheet it contains data or a formula that can never change. As the creator of that spreadsheet you will likely remember that you shouldn’t edit anything in those cells, but spreadsheets that are sent to or shared with others are often edited in unexpected ways.

Fortunately Google Sheets provides you with the ability to protect cells by defining a protected range in the sheet. Our tutorial below will show you how to lock cells in Google Sheets so that you can restrict who can edit this range of cells.

How to Protect a Range in Google Sheets

The steps in this article were performed in the desktop version of the Google Chrome Web browser. These steps will also work for other modern desktop browsers like Firefox or Microsoft Edge.

Once you complete this guide you will have edited one of your Google Sheets spreadsheets so that cells or sheets in that file cannot be edited without permissions that you define for these protected sheets and ranges. These permissions are granted via name or email address.

Step 1: Sign into Google Drive at and open the Google Docs spreadsheet that you would like to modify.

Step 2: Use your mouse to select the individual cells, multiple cells, or entire worksheet that you would like to lock.

how to lock cells in google sheets

Step 3: Right-click on one of the selected cells and choose the Protect range option.

google sheets protect range

Step 4: Type a name for the selected range into the Enter a description field at the top of the right column, then click the Set permissions button.

set permissions for range in google sheets

Step 5: Use the options on this menu to restrict who can edit this range or elect to show a warning when editing this range, then click the Done button. Note that you can click the drop down menu under Restrict who can edit this range if you would like to add additional people who can edit.

choose permissions for selected range in google sheets

Now that you know how to lock cells in Google Sheets, you can use this method whenever you have some content in a spreadsheet that you don’t want anyone to change.

If you would like to add another range of protected cells to this sheet, you will need to repeat the steps above for the new range, or if you click Add a sheet or range in the right column under Protected sheets & ranges.

You can remove a protected range by clicking on it in the Protected sheets & ranges column at the right side of the menu, then clicking the trash can to the right of the range description that you specified in Step 4 above.

Alternatively, you can use this screen to change any of the existing information about the range, such as its description, the range itself, or the people that have permission to edit that range.

If you elect to restrict permissions for an entire sheet, simply click the Sheet tab instead of the Range tab in Step 4. This can be a better alternative not only if you want to restrict editing on an entire sheet, but if you want to restrict the majority of the cells on a sheet. This is possible by choosing to set ranges of cells to exclude from the restricted permissions rather than adding cells that are restricted.

This guide will show you how to merge cells in Google Sheets if the layout of your data dictates that some of your cells need to take up multiple rows or columns.

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