How to Merge Cells in Excel (2024): A Step-by-Step Guide

Merging cells in Excel is a handy skill to have, especially when you’re trying to create a clean and organized spreadsheet. It’s a simple process that can be done in just a few clicks. After reading this brief overview, you’ll have the basic knowledge needed to merge cells like a pro.

Step by Step Tutorial: How to Merge Cells in Excel

Before we dive into the steps, let’s talk about what merging cells in Excel actually does. It’s a way to combine two or more cells into one larger cell. This can help you create titles that span across columns, or just make your data look neater.

Step 1: Select the cells you want to merge

Click and drag to highlight the cells you want to combine.

Merging cells can be done with any number of cells, whether they’re in a row, a column, or a block. Just make sure that the cells you want to merge are adjacent to each other.

Step 2: Find the ‘Merge & Center’ button

Look in the ‘Home’ tab on the ribbon for the ‘Merge & Center’ button.

Once you’ve selected the cells, you’ll see the ‘Merge & Center’ button in the ‘Alignment’ group on the ‘Home’ tab. It’s important to note that there are a few different merging options.

Step 3: Choose your merge option

Click the dropdown arrow next to the ‘Merge & Center’ button to see all the options.

There are four main options: ‘Merge & Center,’ ‘Merge Across,’ ‘Merge Cells,’ and ‘Unmerge Cells.’ Choose the one that best fits your needs.

Step 4: Format your merged cell

Adjust the alignment and font of your newly merged cell as needed.

After merging the cells, you may want to center the text or change the font size to make it stand out. You can find these formatting options in the same ‘Home’ tab.

Once you’ve completed these steps, you’ll have a merged cell or cells that can help you organize your data in Excel.

Tips for Merging Cells in Excel

  • Always double-check which cells you’re merging, as you cannot undo this action without losing data.
  • Remember that merging cells will only keep the upper-left most data if there’s content in the cells being merged.
  • Use ‘Merge Across’ if you only want to merge cells in rows and not columns.
  • If you need to unmerge cells, select the merged cell and click ‘Unmerge Cells.’
  • Keyboard shortcuts can save time: use “Alt” + “H” + “M” + “C” for ‘Merge & Center.’

Frequently Asked Questions

What happens to the data in the cells when they are merged?

When cells are merged, the data in the upper-left cell will be kept, while the other cells’ data will be deleted.

Can I merge cells across multiple rows and columns?

Yes, you can merge cells across both rows and columns, as long as they are adjacent to each other.

Is there a keyboard shortcut for merging cells?

Yes, “Alt” + “H” + “M” + “C” will merge cells and center them.

What’s the difference between ‘Merge & Center’ and ‘Merge Cells’?

‘Merge & Center’ combines cells and centers the content, while ‘Merge Cells’ only combines the cells without altering content alignment.

Can I undo a merge action?

Yes, you can undo a merge action immediately after performing it by pressing “Ctrl” + “Z”. However, if you merge cells with data in them and then perform another action, you will lose the data that was in the merged cells.


  1. Select the cells you want to merge.
  2. Find the ‘Merge & Center’ button.
  3. Choose your merge option.
  4. Format your merged cell.


Now that you’ve learned how to merge cells in Excel, you can start making your spreadsheets look more professional and organized. Merging cells is essential when it comes to creating titles or headers that span across multiple columns or rows. Just remember, while merging cells can make your data look cleaner, it does come with the risk of losing data if not done carefully. Always ensure you’re merging the correct cells and that you don’t need the data in the other cells before you hit that merge button. Keep practicing, and soon you’ll be merging cells with ease and confidence. And remember, always save your work before making any major changes like merging cells in Excel.

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