How to Apply Formula to Entire Column in Google Sheets

Applying a formula to an entire column in Google Sheets is a piece of cake! You simply need to click on the cell where you want the formula to start, type in the formula, and then drag the fill handle (a small blue square at the bottom-right corner of the cell) down the column. This will copy the formula to all the cells below. And just like that, you’ve saved yourself a ton of time and avoided a lot of repetitive work!

Step by Step Tutorial: Applying Formula to Entire Column Google Sheets

Before jumping into the steps, let’s understand what we’re aiming to do here. We want to apply a single formula across an entire column so that each cell in that column will display the result based on the formula. Ready? Let’s go!

Step 1: Select the Cell

Click on the cell where you want your formula to start.
It’s important to start with the correct cell, as this will be the basis for the rest of the column. Make sure it’s the cell where your data starts or where you want the formula’s results to appear.

Step 2: Enter Your Formula

Type the formula you want to apply into the selected cell.
Remember to start your formula with an equal sign (=). For example, if you’re looking to sum two numbers from different columns, your formula could be something like =A2+B2.

Step 3: Use the Fill Handle

Drag the fill handle down the column to apply the formula to the cells below.
Once you’ve entered your formula, you’ll notice a small blue square in the bottom-right corner of your selected cell. That’s the fill handle. Click and drag it down the column to as many cells as you need.

Step 4: Release the Mouse Button

Let go of the mouse button to fill the selected cells with the formula.
As you drag the fill handle down, you’ll see a small box that tells you where the formula is being copied to. Once you’ve reached the last cell you want to apply the formula to, simply release the mouse button.

Step 5: Check the Formulas

Double-check that the formula has been applied correctly to each cell.
It’s always good practice to verify that the formulas have been copied correctly. Click on a couple of cells to ensure that they refer to the right data.

After you’ve completed these steps, you’ll see that each cell in the column now contains the formula you entered, automatically adjusted for each row. For example, if your initial formula was =A2+B2, the cell below will contain =A3+B3, and so on. This auto-adjustment ensures that the data referenced in your formula is relevant to each row.

Tips: Applying Formula to Entire Column Google Sheets

  • Always start your formulas with an equal sign (=) to tell Google Sheets you’re entering a formula and not just text.
  • Use absolute references (like $A$2) if you want to fix a certain cell reference when dragging the formula down.
  • Double-check a couple of cells after applying your formula to make sure everything’s copied as intended.
  • Remember that you can drag the fill handle up, left, or right, as well – not just down!
  • If you’re dealing with a very long column, double-clicking the fill handle will automatically extend the formula to the end of your data range.

Frequently Asked Questions

What if my formula doesn’t copy correctly?

Make sure that you’re not using fixed references if you want the formula to adjust per cell. Use dollar signs to fix references only if necessary.

Can I apply a formula to non-adjacent cells?

Yes, by holding down the Ctrl key (Cmd on Mac) while clicking cells. But, this isn’t as efficient as applying to a whole column.

How do I apply a formula to an entire row?

The same way! Just drag the fill handle to the right instead of down.

Can I apply a formula to the entire column, even if there’s no data in some cells yet?

Absolutely! The formula will sit there waiting for when data is entered into those cells.

What do I do if I need to apply a complex formula?

Start by entering the complex formula in the first cell, and then use the same process to drag it down the column.


  1. Select the cell where the formula will start.
  2. Enter the formula into the selected cell.
  3. Drag the fill handle down the column.
  4. Release the mouse button to apply the formula.
  5. Check the formulas in a few cells.


Mastering how to apply a formula to an entire column in Google Sheets is a game-changer for anyone who works with data. It’s a straightforward process that can save you hours of manual input and ensure consistent calculations across your dataset. The key is to understand how to use the fill handle effectively and to make sure your formulas are referencing the right cells. With a bit of practice, you’ll be able to do this with your eyes closed!

Remember, the beauty of Google Sheets is in its simplicity and versatility. Whether you’re a student working on a project, a business professional analyzing data, or someone keeping track of personal expenses, knowing how to swiftly apply formulas can make your life so much easier.

Imagine all the time you’ll save that can be put towards analyzing your data rather than inputting it. So, whether you’re new to Google Sheets or looking to sharpen your skills, take this knowledge and run with it. After all, efficiency is the name of the game when it comes to managing data, and you’re now one step closer to becoming a Google Sheets wizard!

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