How to Create a Google Sheets Query: A Step-by-Step Guide

Creating a Google Sheets query might sound intimidating, but it’s actually a straightforward process once you know the steps. All it takes is a little knowledge of the QUERY function and some practice with the syntax. By the end of this short guide, you’ll be able to extract and manipulate data in Google Sheets with ease, making your spreadsheets more powerful and informative.

Step by Step Tutorial: Creating a Google Sheets Query

Before we dive into the steps, it’s important to understand what we’re aiming for. The QUERY function in Google Sheets allows you to use a sort of ‘mini-SQL’ language called Google Visualization API Query Language. This language lets you write queries to filter, sort, and select the data in your spreadsheet in a more dynamic way than standard functions.

Step 1: Select your data range

Select the cells that contain the data you want to query.

When you’re selecting your data range, make sure to include the headers if you have any. This will make it easier to refer to columns in your query.

Step 2: Write your QUERY function

Start your QUERY function with =QUERY( and then the range of cells you selected.

Remember, the syntax of your query is crucial. It follows a structure similar to SQL, so it starts with SELECT, followed by the columns you want to include. You can then add conditions with WHERE, group or order the data with GROUP BY and ORDER BY, and limit the number of results with LIMIT.

Step 3: Enter the query string

After specifying the range, add a comma, then type your query string in quotation marks.

Your query string is where the magic happens. This is where you specify exactly what data you want to see. You can filter your data (only show rows that meet certain conditions), sort it (arrange it in a specific order), and manipulate it in various other ways.

Step 4: Specify the headers

Add another comma after your query string, then indicate how many header rows your data range has.

If your data range includes headers, you’ll need to tell the QUERY function. If you have one row of headers, you would enter 1. If there are no headers, enter 0.

After completing these steps, your data will be filtered and displayed according to your query. It’s like having a conversation with your data, asking it to show you exactly what you want to see.

Tips for Creating a Google Sheets Query

  • Always start your query with SELECT, even if you’re not sure what comes next. It’s the foundation of your query.
  • Use WHERE to filter your data based on conditions. Think of it as setting the rules for what data gets to show up.
  • ORDER BY is your friend when you want to sort data. It’s like organizing your closet by color or size.
  • LIMIT can help keep your data manageable. If you only want to see the top 10 results, LIMIT is the way to go.
  • Don’t forget about GROUP BY. It’s perfect for when you want to see your data in categories or groups.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the QUERY function in Google Sheets?

The QUERY function allows you to pull specific data from a spreadsheet using a ‘mini-SQL’ language known as Google Visualization API Query Language.

How do I make sure my QUERY function works?

First, make sure your syntax is correct. Then, check that you’ve selected the proper range and that you’re referencing columns correctly within your query.

Can I use QUERY to sort data?

Yes, you can use the ORDER BY clause in your query to sort data based on the values in a specific column.

Is it possible to group data with QUERY?

Absolutely! Use the GROUP BY clause to consolidate rows based on common values in a particular column.

What if I want to limit the number of results returned?

You can use the LIMIT clause to specify the exact number of results you want your query to return.


  1. Select your data range
  2. Write your QUERY function
  3. Enter the query string
  4. Specify the headers


Google Sheets is a powerful tool, and mastering the QUERY function can take your data analysis to the next level. Whether you’re a business owner looking to dive deeper into your sales data, a teacher organizing student grades, or just someone who loves to keep their personal data neat and tidy, knowing how to create a Google Sheets query is an invaluable skill.

By following the steps outlined in this article, you’re well on your way to becoming a querying pro. Remember, practice makes perfect. Don’t be afraid to experiment with different queries and see what results you get – that’s how you’ll learn best. And always keep those handy tips in mind; they’re like your cheat sheet for QUERY success.

As you become more comfortable with the QUERY function, you’ll find more and more uses for it. The possibilities are nearly endless. You can create reports, dashboards, and even automate tasks. It’s all about asking the right questions and letting Google Sheets do the heavy lifting.

So go ahead, give it a try. Create a Google Sheets query today and watch as your data transforms before your eyes. With a little bit of practice, you’ll wonder how you ever managed without it. Happy querying!

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