How to Use Google Sheet Concat Strings: A Step-by-Step Guide

Google Sheets is a powerful tool that allows you to manipulate and analyze data in various ways. One of the functions you might find yourself needing is the ability to concatenate, or combine, strings of text. This might sound complicated, but it’s actually quite simple! By using the CONCATENATE function, or the “&” operator, you can easily join together pieces of text in your spreadsheet.

Step by Step Tutorial: How to Use Google Sheet Concat Strings

Before we dive into the steps, let’s clarify what we’re about to do. Concatenating strings in Google Sheets means we’re going to take text from different cells and combine them into one. This is useful for creating things like email lists, full names, addresses, and more. Now, let’s get started!

Step 1: Select the Cell for the Concatenated String

Click on the cell where you want the combined text to appear.

Selecting the cell is important because it tells Google Sheets where to display the result of your concatenation. This cell will be where the magic happens!

Step 2: Type “=CONCATENATE(” or Use the “&” Operator

Begin the function with “=CONCATENATE(” or simply type the “&” between references to the cells you want to combine.

Both methods will work, but using the CONCATENATE function can be clearer if you’re new to this or if you’re combining more than two strings. The “&” operator is a quicker method for simple concatenations.

Step 3: Add the Cell References and Text

Add the cell references you want to combine, separated by commas, or use the “&” operator between references.

When using the CONCATENATE function, you would input something like “=CONCATENATE(A1, B1, C1)”, where A1, B1, and C1 are the cells with the text you want to combine. If you’re using the “&” operator, it would look like “A1 & B1 & C1”.

Step 4: Close the Function or Finish the Formula

If using the CONCATENATE function, close it with a parenthesis. If using the “&” operator, ensure all cell references are correctly linked.

Closing the function tells Google Sheets you’re done setting your parameters, and it’s time to execute the command. Make sure you don’t leave any loose ends!

Step 5: Press Enter and View the Result

Hit the Enter key on your keyboard to see the combined text appear in the selected cell.

Once you press enter, Google Sheets will process the information and display your concatenated string. It’s that easy!

After completing these steps, you will see your desired text strings combined into one cell. This can streamline your data organization and presentation, making it easier to read and use.

Tips: Optimizing Google Sheet Concat Strings

  • Use the CONCATENATE function for clarity, especially when dealing with multiple strings.
  • The “&” operator is a quick alternative for simple concatenations.
  • Don’t forget to include spaces between words by adding them as separate strings, like ” ” or CHAR(32).
  • Combine the CONCATENATE function with other functions like LOWER or UPPER to adjust the text case.
  • Experiment with different cell references and strings to see what you can create with concatenation.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I combine text and numbers using CONCATENATE?

Yes, you can combine both text and numbers in Google Sheets using the CONCATENATE function or the “&” operator.

Is there a limit to how many strings I can concatenate?

While there’s no set limit, you may encounter practical limitations based on the complexity of your spreadsheet and the processing power of your device.

Can I add line breaks in my concatenated string?

Absolutely! You can use CHAR(10) to add a line break within your concatenated string.

How do I include special characters or symbols in my concatenation?

You can type special characters or symbols directly into the formula, or you can use the CHAR function with the appropriate character code.

If I update a cell that’s part of a concatenation, will the combined string update automatically?

Yes, the concatenated string will dynamically update to reflect any changes made to the referenced cells.


  1. Select the cell for the concatenated string
  2. Type “=CONCATENATE(” or use the “&” operator
  3. Add the cell references and text
  4. Close the function or finish the formula
  5. Press Enter and view the result


Concatenating strings in Google Sheets is a straightforward process that can greatly enhance your data management capabilities. Whether you’re compiling lists, creating reports, or organizing information, the ability to combine text strings is an essential skill. By following the steps outlined above and applying the tips provided, you’ll be able to concatenate strings with ease and precision. Remember, practice makes perfect, so don’t hesitate to experiment with different combinations and functions to become a Google Sheets power user. If you ever find yourself stuck, just refer back to this guide on how to use Google Sheet concat strings, and you’ll be back on track in no time.

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