How to Calculate an Interquartile Mean in Excel: Step-by-Step Guide

Calculating an interquartile mean in Excel may seem daunting at first, but it’s a straightforward process once you get the hang of it. Essentially, you’ll be finding the average of the middle 50% of your data set, which is a robust measure of central tendency that’s less affected by outliers than the simple mean. Let’s dive in and learn how to calculate an interquartile mean in Excel.

Step by Step Tutorial: Calculating an Interquartile Mean in Excel

Before we get into the nitty-gritty of Excel functions, let’s understand what we’re aiming for. We want to calculate the interquartile mean, which is the average of the data values that fall between the first and third quartiles. This tutorial will guide you through the process step by step.

Step 1: Organize your data

First things first, make sure your data is in a single column without any gaps or non-numeric entries.

Organizing your data is crucial because Excel functions require a continuous range of cells to work correctly. If your data is scattered or includes irrelevant entries, the calculations might not be accurate.

Step 2: Use the QUARTILE function to find Q1 and Q3

Next, we’ll use the QUARTILE function to determine the first (Q1) and third (Q3) quartiles of your data set.

The QUARTILE function in Excel is handy as it automatically calculates quartile values based on the data range you provide. It requires two arguments: the array (your data range) and the quart, which indicates which quartile value you want to find. For Q1, the quart would be 1, and for Q3, it would be 3.

Step 3: Use the AVERAGEIF function to calculate the interquartile mean

Lastly, we’ll use the AVERAGEIF function to calculate the average of the data values that lie between Q1 and Q3.

The AVERAGEIF function in Excel lets you average numbers in a range that meet specified criteria. In this case, the criteria are that the data values must be greater than or equal to Q1 and less than or equal to Q3.

After you complete these steps, you’ll have the interquartile mean of your data set, which gives you a more nuanced understanding of your data’s central tendency, especially when there are outliers present.

Tips for Calculating an Interquartile Mean in Excel

  • Always double-check your data range to ensure there are no non-numeric values, as they can skew your calculations.
  • Remember that the QUARTILE function’s quart argument is essential: 1 for Q1, 2 for the median, and 3 for Q3.
  • Use the AVERAGEIF function’s criteria carefully to include only the values between Q1 and Q3.
  • If your data set is large, consider using Excel’s sorting feature first to see your data’s distribution.
  • Practice makes perfect – try calculating the interquartile mean with different data sets to get comfortable with the process.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the interquartile mean and why use it?

The interquartile mean is the average of the middle 50% of a data set. It’s used because it’s less sensitive to outliers than the arithmetic mean, providing a better central tendency measure in skewed distributions.

Can I use the interquartile mean for any data set?

Yes, the interquartile mean can be used for any data set, but it’s particularly useful when you suspect outliers are skewing the arithmetic mean.

Why do we use QUARTILE function and not QUARTILE.EXC or QUARTILE.INC?

The QUARTILE function is the basic function in Excel for finding quartiles, and it’s compatible with all versions of Excel. QUARTILE.EXC and QUARTILE.INC offer more specific calculations and may not be available in earlier Excel versions.

What if my data contains text or blank cells?

The QUARTILE and AVERAGEIF functions only work with numeric values. Remove any text or blank cells from your data range before calculating the interquartile mean.

Is there a difference between interquartile mean and interquartile range?

Yes, there’s a difference. The interquartile mean is the average of the data values between Q1 and Q3, whereas the interquartile range is the difference between Q3 and Q1 and measures the spread of the middle 50% of the data.


  1. Organize your data in a single column.
  2. Use the QUARTILE function to find Q1 and Q3.
  3. Use the AVERAGEIF function to calculate the interquartile mean.


Calculating the interquartile mean in Excel is a powerful skill that can elevate your data analysis game. Not only does it help you understand your data’s central tendency more accurately, but it also shields your results from being misrepresented by outliers. The beauty of Excel is that it makes complex statistical concepts accessible to everyone, and once you’ve mastered the steps outlined above, you’ll be crunching numbers like a pro in no time.

So go ahead, give it a try, and watch your data insights deepen. Remember, the key to mastering Excel is practice, so keep experimenting with different functions and data sets to continue honing your skills.

Join Our Free Newsletter

Featured guides and deals

You may opt out at any time. Read our Privacy Policy