How to Multiply in Excel: A Step-by-Step Guide

Multiplying in Excel is a simple task that can be done in a few quick steps. By using the multiplication formula, you can easily calculate the product of two or more numbers. Whether you’re a student, a professional, or just someone trying to organize their finances, knowing how to multiply in Excel can save you time and make your data analysis more efficient.

Step by Step Tutorial on How to Multiply in Excel

Before we dive into the steps, let’s understand what we’re trying to achieve. Multiplying in Excel involves using the multiplication operator, which is the asterisk (*), to calculate the product of two or more numbers. This can be done within a single cell or between multiple cells.

Step 1: Enter the Multiplication Formula

Type in the formula =A1*B1 into the cell where you want your result to appear.

The multiplication formula in Excel starts with an equal sign (=), followed by the cell references of the numbers you want to multiply, separated by an asterisk (). For instance, if you have one number in cell A1 and another in cell B1, your formula will look like `=A1B1`.

Step 2: Press Enter

After typing the formula, press Enter to execute the multiplication.

Once you’ve entered the formula and pressed Enter, Excel will calculate the product of the numbers in the specified cells and display the result in the cell where you typed the formula.

Step 3: Copy the Formula to Other Cells (Optional)

If you need to multiply multiple pairs of numbers, simply copy the formula from the first cell and paste it into the others.

To copy the formula, click on the cell with the formula, then use the fill handle (a small square at the bottom-right corner of the cell) to drag the formula to other cells. Excel will automatically adjust the cell references for each new cell.

After completing these steps, you’ll have successfully multiplied numbers in Excel. The cells where you’ve entered the multiplication formula will display the product of the specified numbers.

Tips on How to Multiply in Excel

  • To multiply a range of numbers by a single number, use the Paste Special feature to apply the multiplication to the entire range.
  • Use the PRODUCT function to multiply multiple numbers within a single formula.
  • Remember that Excel follows the order of operations, so use parentheses to ensure the correct calculation when combining multiplication with other operations.
  • To quickly multiply an entire column by a number, enter the number in a cell, copy it, and then use Paste Special with the Multiply option on the desired column.
  • If you encounter errors, double-check that your formulas do not include any non-numeric characters and that all cell references are correct.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I multiply more than two cells together?

Yes, you can multiply multiple cells together by including more cell references in the formula, separated by the asterisk (*), or by using the PRODUCT function.

What if I want to multiply an entire column by a specific number?

You can multiply an entire column by a specific number by using the Paste Special feature. First, copy the cell with the number you want to multiply with, then select the range of cells you want to multiply, right-click, and choose Paste Special > Multiply.

How do I use the PRODUCT function?

The PRODUCT function multiplies all the numbers you specify as arguments. The formula looks like =PRODUCT(number1, number2, ...). Just replace the number placeholders with the cell references or actual numbers you want to multiply.

Can I multiply numbers across different sheets in Excel?

Yes, you can multiply numbers across different sheets by including the sheet name in the cell reference, like this: =Sheet1!A1*Sheet2!B1.

What does the #VALUE! error mean when multiplying in Excel?

The #VALUE! error indicates that one or more of the cells you’re trying to multiply contains non-numeric data. Make sure all cells in your multiplication formula contain numbers or references to cells with numbers.


  1. Enter the multiplication formula =A1*B1.
  2. Press Enter to execute the multiplication.
  3. (Optional) Copy the formula to other cells.


Multiplying in Excel is a fundamental skill that can greatly enhance your data analysis capabilities. By understanding the basic multiplication formula and using the tips provided, you can efficiently perform calculations and manage large datasets with ease. Remember, practice makes perfect, so don’t be afraid to experiment with different formulas and functions to become an Excel pro. If you’re ever in doubt, refer back to the frequently asked questions for quick solutions. Multiply in Excel with confidence and watch your productivity soar!

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