How to Freeze Columns in Excel (2024 Guide): Step-by-Step Tutorial

Freezing columns in Excel is a super handy skill to have, especially if you’re dealing with large spreadsheets. In a nutshell, it allows you to keep certain columns visible while you scroll through the rest of your data. So, whether you’re a student crunching numbers for a project or a professional analyzing business data, knowing how to freeze columns can save you a ton of time and hassle. And the best part? It’s pretty straightforward. Let’s dive in!

Step by Step Tutorial on How to Freeze Columns in Excel

Before we jump into the steps, let’s understand what freezing columns does. It essentially locks specific columns in place so that they remain visible as you scroll horizontally through your spreadsheet. This is particularly useful when you have headers or labels in the first few columns that you want to keep in view.

Step 1: Open Your Excel Spreadsheet

Open the Excel spreadsheet where you want to freeze columns.

When you open your spreadsheet, make sure you’re on the correct sheet where the columns need to be frozen. It’s a good idea to save your work before making any changes, just in case.

Step 2: Select the Column to the Right of Where You Want the Freeze

Click on the column header immediately to the right of the column you want to freeze.

The column you select will be the first one to scroll off the screen as you move horizontally. Everything to the left of it will stay put.

Step 3: Go to the View Tab

Navigate to the ‘View’ tab on the Excel ribbon at the top of the screen.

The ‘View’ tab is where you’ll find all the options for how your spreadsheet is displayed, including freezing panes.

Step 4: Click on ‘Freeze Panes’

In the ‘Window’ group, click on ‘Freeze Panes.’

A small dropdown menu will appear with a few different options for freezing panes in your spreadsheet.

Step 5: Select ‘Freeze Panes’ from the Dropdown Menu

From the dropdown menu, select ‘Freeze Panes.’

Clicking ‘Freeze Panes’ will lock the columns to the left of the one you selected. If you ever want to undo this, just go back to the same menu and click ‘Unfreeze Panes.’

After you complete these steps, you’ll notice that the columns you’ve chosen to freeze will remain static on the screen as you scroll to the right. This makes it much easier to compare data across a wide spreadsheet without losing sight of your headers or key information.

Tips for Freezing Columns in Excel

  • Always save your work before attempting to freeze columns, just in case something goes wrong.
  • If you want to freeze multiple columns, select the column to the right of the last column you want to freeze.
  • Remember that you can also freeze rows in the same way by selecting the row below where you want the freeze.
  • If you find that you’ve frozen the wrong columns, don’t panic. Just unfreeze and try again.
  • Use the ‘Split’ option if you want to create a more complex freeze with both rows and columns visible while scrolling.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I freeze multiple columns at once?

Yes, by selecting the column to the right of the last column you want to freeze, all columns to the left will be frozen.

What if I need to freeze both columns and rows?

Excel allows you to freeze both columns and rows. Simply select the cell that is to the right of the column and below the row you want to freeze, then follow the same steps.

Can I freeze panes on the Excel mobile app?

Freezing panes is available on the Excel desktop app. Currently, the mobile app has limited functionality in comparison.

Is there a limit to how many columns I can freeze?

No, you can freeze as many columns as you need, as long as there are more columns to the right to scroll through.

How do I unfreeze columns?

Go back to the ‘View’ tab, click on ‘Freeze Panes,’ and then select ‘Unfreeze Panes’ from the dropdown menu.


  1. Open your Excel spreadsheet.
  2. Select the column to the right of where you want the freeze.
  3. Go to the ‘View’ tab.
  4. Click on ‘Freeze Panes.’
  5. Select ‘Freeze Panes’ from the dropdown menu.


Freezing columns in Excel is one of those nifty tricks that can significantly boost your productivity. It’s like having superpowers in data management, allowing you to keep important information in view while you navigate through the rest of your spreadsheet. And now that you’ve got this handy guide, freezing columns should be a breeze. Whether you’re a seasoned Excel user or just getting started, mastering this feature will make your spreadsheet tasks so much easier. So go ahead, give it a try, and watch your efficiency skyrocket. And remember, when in doubt, just come back to this guide and freeze those columns like a pro!

Join Our Free Newsletter

Featured guides and deals

You may opt out at any time. Read our Privacy Policy