How to Make Supply & Demand Figures in Excel: A Step-by-Step Guide

To make supply and demand figures in Excel, you need to enter your data, create a chart, and customize it to your preferences. This process involves organizing your data in a spreadsheet, selecting an appropriate chart type, and adding labels and formatting for clarity. Afterward, you’ll have a visual representation of the supply and demand for your product or service.

Once you complete this task, you’ll have a handy graphical tool that can help you make informed business decisions. It’ll allow you to visualize the relationship between the price of your product and consumer demand, enabling you to identify the optimal price point and quantity to maximize profits.


Supply and demand are the bread and butter of any business, right? Whether you’re selling homemade cookies or running a multinational corporation, understanding the dynamics of supply and demand is crucial for success. But let’s be honest, crunching numbers and plotting graphs can be a bit of a headache. That’s where Microsoft Excel comes into play.

Excel isn’t just for accountants and data analysts; it’s a powerful tool that can help anyone understand the ins and outs of their business. By creating supply and demand figures in Excel, you can visualize your data in a way that’s easy to understand and share with others. This isn’t just about making pretty graphs; it’s about gaining insights that could be the difference between a product flying off the shelves or gathering dust in the warehouse. And the best part? You don’t need to be a tech wizard to do it. If you can click a mouse and type on a keyboard, you’re more than halfway there.

Step by Step Tutorial: Creating Supply & Demand Figures in Excel

Before diving into the steps, let’s talk about what we’re going to achieve. By following this tutorial, you will be able to create a chart that visually represents the supply and demand of your product. This chart will help you see at what price point the supply meets the demand, known as the equilibrium price.

Step 1: Enter your data

Input your supply and demand data into two separate columns in Excel.

Once you have your data, whether it’s from surveys, sales reports, or market research, you’ll need to enter it into Excel. Make sure to clearly label your columns—for example, “Price” for one column and “Quantity” for the other two, one for supply and one for demand.

Step 2: Select your chart type

Highlight your data and insert a scatter plot chart.

Scatter plots are perfect for showing the relationship between two variables—in this case, price and quantity. To insert a scatter plot, go to the ‘Insert’ tab, click on ‘Charts,’ and select ‘Scatter.’

Step 3: Add data series

Right-click the chart, select ‘Select Data,’ and add both supply and demand as separate series.

This step is crucial because it helps differentiate between supply and demand on your chart. You can do this by clicking on ‘Add’ under the ‘Legend Entries (Series)’ in the ‘Select Data Source’ dialog box.

Step 4: Format the chart

Customize the chart by adding chart titles, axis labels, and adjusting colors as needed.

A well-formatted chart is much easier to read and understand. You can add titles and labels by clicking on the chart and using the ‘Chart Tools’ that appear in Excel. Don’t forget to make your chart visually appealing with different colors for supply and demand.

Step 5: Analyze the chart

Examine where the supply and demand curves intersect to determine the equilibrium price.

After all the setup, you can now use your chart to make strategic decisions. The equilibrium price is where the supply and demand curves cross, indicating the most efficient price for your product.


Visual AidA well-constructed supply and demand chart can turn complex data into an easy-to-understand visual, making it easier to spot trends and make decisions.
Effective CommunicationBy visualizing your data, you can communicate complex concepts to team members or stakeholders who may not be as familiar with the details of your business.
Data AnalysisExcel allows you to manipulate and analyze your data, giving you the capability to forecast and plan based on historical supply and demand trends.


Learning CurveWhile Excel is user-friendly, some users may find it intimidating and could face a learning curve in mastering its charting tools.
Data AccuracyThe usefulness of your supply and demand figures is only as good as the data you input. Garbage in, garbage out, as they say.
Over-simplificationSometimes, supply and demand can be influenced by various factors that a simple chart in Excel might not be able to encapsulate.

Additional Information

Creating supply and demand figures in Excel can seem daunting at first, but with a bit of practice, it becomes a breeze. Remember, the key to a great chart is not just in the data, but in how you present it. Make sure your axes are scaled appropriately, and your data points are clear and distinct. You can also use Excel’s array of formatting tools to highlight key data points, like the equilibrium price, or to annotate specific areas of interest.

Another tip is to regularly update your charts with the latest data. This way, you can monitor changes in supply and demand over time. Maybe you’ll notice seasonal trends, or perhaps you’ll spot a shift in consumer behavior that could affect your pricing strategy. These insights are like gold dust for any business.

Also, don’t forget that Excel allows you to create dynamic charts that can update automatically as you input new data. This can save you a ton of time and ensure that your figures are always up-to-date.

Lastly, if you’re sharing your charts with others, make sure to check that they’re accessible to all, including individuals who might have visual impairments. Use contrasting colors and clear labeling to make your charts as inclusive as possible.


  1. Input data into Excel.
  2. Select a scatter plot chart.
  3. Add supply and demand as separate data series.
  4. Customize the chart with titles, labels, and colors.
  5. Analyze the chart to determine the equilibrium price.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I use other chart types for supply and demand figures?

While scatter plots are recommended, you can experiment with other chart types like line charts if they better suit your data presentation needs.

How do I make my Excel chart dynamic?

You can create dynamic charts by using Excel’s table feature. Convert your data range into a table, and your chart will automatically update as you add new data.

What if my data points don’t line up perfectly?

Real-world data can be messy. If your supply and demand curves don’t intersect cleanly, you may need to use trendlines or statistical analysis to find an approximate equilibrium price.

Can I add more complexity to my supply and demand figures?

Absolutely. Excel allows you to add additional data series, trendlines, and other analytical tools to make your figures as detailed as you need.

How accurate are these figures?

The accuracy of your figures depends on the quality of your data. Always ensure that your data is reliable and collected through valid methods.


There you have it, folks – making supply and demand figures in Excel isn’t rocket science! With this powerful tool at your fingertips, you can create visualizations that not only look professional but also tell a compelling story about your business’s economic landscape. By following the steps outlined above and keeping in mind the additional tips and insights, you’re well on your way to mastering the art of supply and demand in Excel.

Remember, the key to success is not just in creating the chart but in analyzing and acting upon the insights it provides. Use the visual aid to identify the sweet spot where supply equals demand, and make data-driven decisions to optimize your pricing and inventory levels.

As you grow more comfortable with Excel, don’t be afraid to dive deeper into its capabilities. Push the envelope, ask “what if” questions, and use the software to test out different scenarios. The more you experiment, the more you’ll discover, and the better equipped you’ll be to steer your business to success.

So go on, give it a try. Who knows, you might just find that Excel becomes your new best friend in business strategy and analysis. And remember, if you ever get stuck or have questions, the vast community of Excel users is just a forum post away. Happy charting!

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